News - Sugar in food
There is certainly intense discussion with regards to the role of added sugar in bringing about the obesity crisis.
UK government scientists have halved the recommended quantity of added sugar individuals ought to consume daily.
Along with the World Health Organization who have said women and men will ideally seek to achieve only 5% of their daily calories from the sweet things.
Sadly determining the total amount of sugar we consume is much less straight forward than it seems. But it's harder to work out amounts in processed food. Health care practitioners take a poor view of sugars added to processed food but maintain that naturally occurring sweetness in milk and fruit is generally ok, except for fruit juice.
Latest guidance states a maximum of 11% of a person's daily food calories would originate from added sugars, or 10% when alcohol is taken into consideration. That works out at approximately 50g of sugars for a woman and 70g for a man, based on how active they are.
Furthermore it's this quantity that has recently been halved in a draft report by the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. However check out the back of a food packet and you'll notice a guideline amount for total sugars - which include those naturally occurring in fruit together with other ingredients.
Even though there is no UK government health guideline for total sugars, the figure of 90g per day is employed as a rule of thumb on labelling in Britain and across the EU.
That 90g is equal to in excess of 22 small (4g) teaspoons of sugar. Certain sugar content is straightforward to calculate: a 330ml can of regular Coca-Cola or Pepsi contains 35g - or nearly 9 teaspoons of sugar, all of it supplemented.
Then again a ready meal of sweet and sour chicken may also include at least 22g or five-and-a-half teaspoons, among which is naturally occurring in the pineapple.
Teenagers obtain 40% of their daily added sugar from soft drinks.
Young people aged 11-18 obtain the most of their daily energy from sweet things at just above 15%. Adults tend to be more measured, just nudging over 11%.
Soft drinks are the principal single method of obtaining supplementary sugar for young people, with boys aged 11-18 taking 42% of their intake by this method.
Sweets, chocolate and jams comprised an additional 19-22% of children's sugar intake and younger children also acquire a sizable percentage of their sugar from cereals - which include cakes and biscuits - and drinks including fruit juice.
For adults aged 19-64, the principal sources are also confectionery and jams, soft drinks and cereals. Alcohol contributes an additional 10%. Experts are still evaluating whether there are direct causal links between high sugar consumption and putting on weight, diabetes, heart disease as well as other health problems.
What is known is that consuming excessive calories without a sufficient amount of exercise can bring about obesity - and obesity is a risk factor for various other problems. Most recently released figures illustrate obesity in England increasing over the latest decades before levelling off.
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